Here is an hdr photograph taken in the cloister inside Gloucester Cathedral. Located in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, UK. It was used quite a few times in the Harry Potter films as part of the corridors of Hogwarts.
You still have some cathedrals in the US. One thing that is really handy to find historic places is google maps. If you go into your general area any type churches in the search it will bring up all the churches in that area on the map. It works for other types of buildings as well.